Betta Fish: Complete Siamese Fighting Fish List With Pictures 2019 Guide

Betta fish, also known as “Siamese Fighting Fish” has built a reputation for their survival instinct in their natural habitat. They are beautiful to look at, and each type of betta fish is not the same either!

But their breeding tendencies, betta fish’s lifespan, and their natural habitat also say there is more to this breed of freshwater fish type than meets the eye.

For a start, betta fish are very popular for being kept as a first pet for enthusiast aquaculturists and are also known for being elusive and aggressive when their defensive mechanism is switched on. Generally, betta fish are also playful and interactive pet type anyone can hope for.

Betta fish are a freshwater type of fish originating from the family members of the gourami family species which also known to be a highly territorial type of fighting fish.

The Female Betta Fish

Female betta fish are usually the duller in color compared to the male betta fish which is colorful and have slightly bigger tail fins.

The female Bettas are predominantly docile in temperament, and will peacefully live together with other female bettas.

However they can easily become aggressive towards each other when they are housed in a slightly smaller aquarium while the males are prone to high levels of aggression and will badly attack each other when placed in the same tank, no matter how big the tank is, the fight usually results in the death of one fish or both.

Can you keep two female betta fish together?

Yes! you can keep two female bettas together as they have higher levels of tolerance to cohabit in the same betta fish tank without the need for fighting each other as male bettas do.

Female betta fish could very well share the same tank as long as their minimum space is provided for each female betta fish you add, otherwise, a betta fish tanks that are only half a gallon is way too small. …

Many betta fish keepers who want to keep multiple female bettas usually go for a 10 or 15 gallons tank where you can keep 3 or 4 female bettas together and if you want to breed in their season, you can then add one male betta (one male betta to 3 or 4 female bettas).

So, if you are smitten by the betta fish and wants to pet them, Ideally, it is not recommended to keep female betta fish and male Bettas in the same tank unless it’s a breeding season, then you can put them together for a short period.

The Betta Fish has a stout elongated body and short rounded find and the female ones are shorter than those of a male. These type of fish can as well breath air, generally gulping it at the water’s surface.

This is because they have a special labyrinth organ that acts as a lung and enables the fish to survive in oxygen-depleted or polluted waters.

In their natural habitation, the body coloration of the fish is a dull green and brown, however, there can be a color pattern change due to mood swings especially in females.

However, Bettas are available in many beautiful and exciting colors and patterns. These type of fish have been developed through selective breeding and have two primary mutation forms which are xanthous and black form.

If you are here then it must mean you are thinking of buying a Betta fish as a pet, well you are exactly where you need to be. This is a complete guide of Bettas and here you’ll learn everything you need to know about this breed.

 Betta Fish Types

There are numerous type of betta fish types, from dull looking to beautiful looking siamese fighting betta fish. The list here is not exhaustive, but it covers the most popular hybrid type of siamese fighting fish also known as betta fish.

Koi Betta Fish


The Koi Betta fish is hardly the type of the siamese fighting fish that you will miss once you see it as it is selectively bred with a distinct variant array of color from their ancestral origin the marbled Betta. The Koi betta fish has a unique color pattern that resembles the popular pond fish, Koi.

Though they are lovely to look at, make no mistake, Koi betta fish is pretty much aggressive as any other siamese betta fish breed. So much that only one male Koi Betta should be kept in an aquarium.

As you can see that the Koi Betta fish breed looks beautiful and pleasing to the eye, this is also why you must never house them in a communal aquarium with another fish breed. And, if you have to, make sure that you are housing them with peaceful fish that will not nip at their long flowing fins.

Marble Betta Fish

Marble betta fish

The Marble Betta Fish is the pinnacle of color in Siamese fighting fish which is as a result of gene mutation in this hybrid betta fish that makes it carry a dominant color Changing Genes. …

They say an apple doesn’t fall far from its tree, and so is the name “Marble”. This betta fish breed gets its name from the description used for a type of betta fish carrying the gene mutation that alters its color and produces this blotchy appearance.

Even more importantly, by cross-breeding this special gene mutation, aquaculture breeders have produced amazing betta breeds with a distinct gene and color called the jumping genes or Transposons as they are also popularly known.

Marble betta fish are as resilient as any other siamese fighting fish breed which means If take your time to care for these ornamental betta fish breeds, making sure that you are raising them under optimal conditions, the Marble betta fish can live to approximately six years in captivity.

The beauty with marble betta fish is that once you get them domesticated they can easily produce awesome cross-bred Betta fish capable of living for 3 to 5 years.

Butterfly Betta Fish

Butterfly Betta Fish

The Butterfly Betta is a popular freshwater fish commonly bred for petting in the aquatic community, and the butterfly betta fish is preferred as a pet fish of choice for their beautiful floral fins which dazzle as she swims inside her betta fish tank.

They are also known as a Siamese Fighting Fish for their aggressive tendencies which predates their historical domestication in the 18th century in their native of Thailand and neighboring countries.

These little beauties are predominantly freshwater fish known best for their beautiful fins and color and you can bet on their ability to produce resilient betta fish hybrids that have a lifespan of 3-5 years when you look after them properly. 

Butterfly betta fish have a unique organ called labyrinth which allows them to breathe from the surface air than other fish species. 

This is also why betta fish care is able to live in shallow waters and rice fields in their native wild where they prefer densely vegetated areas with low moving water.

n captivity, butterfly betta fish happily live in community tanks with or without a water filtration system.

Fighting betta fish like Siamese only require an appropriate size of a betta fish tank for their housing and if your fish tank is fitted with water filters, its only to allow you as a pet owner to regulate the adjustable flow needed as Siamese fighting fish prefer the low flow of water.

It’s crucial that as you set up their habitat in captivity, your butterfly should have their water temperature and environment mimicking their natural habitat. 

And the tank water filters are crucial in providing circulation, aeration, and filtration of the betta fish tank water

Dragon Scale Betta Fish

Dragon Scale Betta Fish

If you want unique looking betta fish with unusual patterns of decorative fish scales then you could either go for the Dragon scale betta fish or the Crowntail betta. Dragon scale betta fish are easy to spot with their thick, opaque, metallic, white scales dawned on their body. And if you look at them, they really look great for a fighting fish breed that looks a bit like they are wearing their own dragon scale armor.

This unusual pattern would have you thinking you are watching John Snow in his armor of Game of throne’s battle of bastards.

Dragon scale betta fish is an original betta breed created by crossing captive-bred Betta splendens with a wild variety of Bettas and this one is from the betta breed called Bettamahachai.

Mustard Gas Betta Fish

Mustard Gas betta fish

You will love the Mustard Yellow Gas Delta betta as it is a docile yet agile and biting fish when it needs to defend its territory, it will fight as all territorial Siamese fighting fish will do. Anyone can easily spot these mustard decorated gas Betta as this Betta hybrid is predominantly popular in a few colors like a green or blue body with yellow or orange fins.

By nature, Mustard betta fish are less demanding when it comes to caring for them to thrive in captivity. They are a carnivorous type of fish and predominantly feed on critters, mosquito larvae while in captivity they are happy to be fed on palatized meaty foods that can float.

Luckily, the market is flush with specially formulated Betta fish diets that come in different forms(flake/pellet). This food is from a carefully select of betta fish foods known for their ability to provide an excellent balanced nutritional source they need every day.

Because Siamese fighting fish are also predatory, Mustard delta betta fish will happily make a meal out of blood worms, brine shrimp, and plankton which are also an excellent option for treats in captivity.

The other key in betta fish care is maintaining the range of 76 to 81 degrees Fahrenheit. This is the ideal freshwater fish temperature where bettas are proven to be the happiest and active at

Green Betta Fish

Green betta fish

The green betta fish are an excellent colored freshwater crossbreed which is also very popular in the aquarium community. It is beautiful and pleasing to the eye and if you get lucky to own the green siamese fighting fish, you will agree with every other pet owner who got smitten by these bettas.

If you have been looking for betta fish that come in greed, today is your lucky day as this little bad boy actually come in green and for a fighting fish, that is as weird as it gets!

Just to point out, the majority of the green bettas might not really look as leafy green as you expect, however, if you look closely you can see that they look black or royal blue at first, yet when you put them under light their iridescent green color is evidently revealed for your eyes to see. …

In recent popular breeds of green betta fighting fish, they are also coming in light gold, deep copper, deep red copper, and even purplish copper hues. And for anyone looking for unique are rare betta fighting fish color, these are truly gorgeous Siamese fighting fish.

If you ask anyone with a green betta fish, they will tell you that by setting up this lighting outside or above your fish tank, then the betta fish’s true colors come out when the light shines on them!

Purple Betta Fish

purple betta fish

Are you looking for the rarest betta fish color that is gorgeous to look at and so unique that you won’t find it in every aquarium community?

So, if you are wondering if there is any rarest Betta color, the purple betta fish is one of the most beautiful and captivating types of fish breed you can hope for a pet?

Purple Betta breeds are such a rare freshwater fish that is popularly kept as a domesticated pet fish from the Siamese fighting fish. Those seeking for extremely rare to find colors will be happy to settle for these purple bettas.

Though it is daunting to find rare colored fish like the purple betta fish, when you find a real deal like this one which is completely deep purple in color, you will know how satisfying that is.

White Betta Fighting Fish

white betta fish

As rare as you might think white bettas can be, it does not get much better than owning this immaculate Siamese fighting fish which comes in white color.

This breed is a true tropical betta fish bred in captivity, and it is probably one of the easiest fish breeds that is adaptable to low moving water with less oxygen supply.

This particular factor also makes them best suited for life inside a Siamese fighting fish tank that is ideal for your selection of rare colors of bettas to house them.

And I might as well point out to you that you will come across zealots aquarium communities where they recommended minimum tank size for housing your white Betta Fish.

Rose Petal Betta Fish

Rose Petal Betta fish

This little rose petal betta fish dazzles with immense red coral tail fins! While that nice and great for attracting female betta fish when they are in season for breeding, it also makes them an easy target for predatory fish that nibbles their fish tails, leaving the rose petal bettas looking dull and out of balance.

So, when choosing the housing for your rose petal betta fish, choose an ideal betta fish tank for your red rose petal betta fish. The key here is to make sure that common sense should prevail when choosing your betta fish tank.

While size matters do not just follow the aquarium advice that says your rose petal betta fighting fish must be housed in at least a 2.5 gallons or larger.

Frankly speaking, it all depends on how much you want to change water tanks weekly every 14 days. With that in mind, a 5-gallon betta fish tank is likely the best size tank for your Siamese fighting fish.

Yellow Betta Fish

yellow better

These yellow bettas are resilient and can sustain life in a smaller tank as they have a labyrinth organ which allows them to breathe easily even in low air supply ponds.

The more difficult part for you if you go for a small betta fish tank is to maintain a clean environment that is free of ammonia and toxins.

Betta Fish Care

Betta fish care encompasses a wider-ranging of factors like choosing ideal betta fish tanks, feeding routine, water temperature, and group selection as you may know too well that betta fish are territorial and they also come from a tropical climate where the freshwater habitat has warm water bodies.

Thailand, where the majority of many of your betta fish may have originated has low moving natural habitat where the water is predominantly warm.

So, if you are going to house betta fish in a tank, the water in the betta fish tank needs to replicate that of their native wild habitats.

The take away here is to never let the water inside your betta fish tank to drop below 65 degrees or go above 82 degrees.

Betta fish keepers who have successfully kept their pet fish long enough try to keep the fish water temperature in the range of 76 to 81 degrees Fahrenheit. This is the temperature bettas are happiest and active at.

Betta fish care is all about getting the basics right, without proper care, betta fish are so fragile that they can easily die from something as simple as a lack of proper care or poor water tank sanitation schedule or temperature monitoring.

With simple water quality monitoring tools like this one here on Amazon, you can rest assured that your betta fish is always happy.

Nonetheless, you still need to make sure that your betta fish water tank is replenished with fresh or filtered water weekly.

So, if you have been wondering and asking, how often do you change the water for a betta fish?

Once every week! Generally, as a rule of thumb, your betta fish tank needs to be changed once every week. And here is how the ration of water changing works if you are keeping your betta fish in a fully filtered betta fish tank or a semi-filtered water fish tank for betta fish:

  1. 30 to 50% of your betta fish water tank capacity must be changed once every week. Take this as a rule of thumb, which means if your betta fish tank is slightly smaller, then you need to increase the capacity of the water changed every week inside that fish tank
  2. For those of you privileged to keep your betta fish in a fully filtered water tank with a water quality monitoring probes, you only need to change out less than 30% of the water each week.

Frequent water changing is only required as a precautionary measure in the absence of water quality monitoring tools, however, if you have got yours from Amazon, then you will only change the water when it says it has to be changed on the digitized water temperature gauges and pH level monitors.

Better fish care is all about proper research on how to care for them as they were in their natural habitat. Betta fish are a freshwater type of fish, as long as you understand what they need to thrive, you will be able to help them adapt to life in captivity.

And if you are wondering how long do betta fish live for in captivity, published records indicate that betta fish breed will live for up to five years under the proper care it needs.

And, if you want your betta fish to live that long, just make sure that you are providing the best care possible, including housing your betta fish in a minimum sized betta fish tank for this breed of fish which is usually 2.5 gallons.

Avoid keeping your betta fish in a tank or bowl that holds less than a gallon. It is very small and terrible for their health.

2. Choose a suitable home for your Siamese Betta fish

After doing your research on this type of fish, the next step is to choose the appropriate home for them. In the wild, bettas inhabit rice paddies meaning they are suitable for living in relatively shallow but large environments.

3. Prepare the water and then fill the tank.

After you’ve chosen the right home for your fish, the next step is to prepare the water and then fill the tank. 

It is advised to use a quality water conditioner such as seachem prime before pouring the water in the tank, the reason is that the chlorine and other chemicals found in Normal tap water can harm bettas.

Pouring distilled bottled water in the tank is not advised too because it deprives your fish of necessary minerals and it’s not fish safe as well.

Fill the tank with water about 80% high to ensure your fish won’t leap out, these are a very active type of fish which can jump over 3 inches or 7.5com when motivated.

4. Pick the proper diet for your Siamese betta fish.

The betta’s diet should consist of pellets specifically manufactured for feeding bettas, these type of fish are carnivores so you can feed it other various carnivorous foods as well…

5. You must feed your betta fish regularly.

Siamese betta fish have different eating habits so you must find out how much your fish eats daily. You must set up routine feeding times.

Sadly, zealous pet owners often overfeed their fighting fish to their death. So, if you are bringing a siamese fighting fish home, you better make sure that you avoid overfeeding your betta fish because it can be to their detriment.

The best standard of caring for betta fish must establish an excellent feeding routine where at least 3 pellets of betta fish food is supplied in the morning and 3 at night. Overfeeding the fish may cause bloating and other bladder problems which tend to be fatal.

6. You must clean up any extra food that your betta does not eat:

You must as well watch if your fish spits up any good if it does then it’s a sign that the Fisher is a picky eater or it could as well mean that the pellets are too big for its mouth.

7. You can turn feeding time into a little enrichment exercise.

Unless otherwise, your best bet is to put a straw in the tank and watch your betta to see if he/she gets used to it. If he/she does, and you have leftover betta food he/she won’t eat, place one of the leftover pellets in the tank. Place the straw over it so that it is inside the straw.

Hold the straw over the fish and wait for him/her to find it. After your betta finds it, he/she will follow it. You can then slowly lift the straw up to the top of the tank until the food pops out and your betta will eat it.

Betta Fish Diet

Bettas are carnivores so its diet should be protein-rich and meaty. Pellets, frozen or live bloodworms, daphnia, and brine shrimp are the best foods to give your fish. It is advised to feed your betta at least once a day, twice a day is fine too.

Your Betta will determine how much it will eat at each feeding. Remember the size of your Betta’s stomach is only about the size of its eye so do not overfeed it.

It is also advised to keep track of what, when and how much your Betta is eating at each feeding. This will help create a schedule that you can follow and organize as it can get confusing with all the different foods and treats your Betta will be eating…

Below we have listed the 5 best types of Betta fish food.

1. Floating Pellets are probably the most typical Betta food used and considered a staple, meaning this is what your main food source will be.

There are lots of pellet sizes and brands available so selecting a high-quality Betta pellet is important. Always read the ingredients and choose a Betta pellet that is high in protein.

2. Sinking Pellets can also be used as a staple for your Betta, in the wild Betta fish typically eat of the surface of the water, so sinking pellets don’t mimic this instinct.

3. Betta Flakes are another staple, but very hard to control how much you are feeding. Flakes also sink fast and are very hard to remove if uneaten.

4. Blood Worms most betta fish LOVE bloodworms. You can buy them frozen in little cubes which have hundreds of little worms or freeze-dried.

5. Freeze Dried (shrimp, krill, bloodworms, daphnia) should be used for treats, they have low nutritional value and can be used to replace one or two meals a week but never as a staple food.

Betta Fish Habitat

Historically, the betta comes from parts of Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, and Cambodia in the river basins of the Mekong and Chao Phraya rivers. They are found in rice paddies and drainage ditches, river basins, and small streams.

This tropical region does not get very cold, only about 50 degrees Fahrenheit in winter and Bettas live in rice paddies and river basins. Their natural territory is about three-feet square.

Betta fish are known for adapting well into captivity where they can live up to 5 years. This is due to that fact that the areas in which they live in the wild are relatively shallow and thick with vegetation.

They are freshwater fish who seem to thrive in low tide areas of the streams especially where slow-moving water and in the dry season these water ponds can easily evaporate to almost nothing.

When this happens, bettas are forced to live in shallow puddles where they can survive for a short time because, unlike other tropical fish, the betta has a labyrinth, or breathing organ, that allows it to get its oxygen from the air it breathes.

When it’s time to breed in the wild, male bettas create a bubble nest made of air bubbles and saliva. When egg-bearing female betta comes sniffing around the nest, the male will wrap himself around her and squeeze out the eggs.

He then fertilizes them and keeps them safely in the bubble nest as he patrols his territory. In the wild, the female hightails it out of there right after mating. In a fish tank, there’s nowhere to run.

Bettas are territorial, which is why they have a reputation for being “fighting fish.” They are just very good daddies who would fight to the death to protect their territory, bubble nest, and fry.

Betta fish temperament and handling

Betta fish are relatively peaceful if given the right tank mates but they will become aggressive with other males and females. They may also become aggressive towards other fish with large fins such as guppies, angelfish, and others.

Betta Fish Lifespan

In captivity, the betta fish will live for up to three years, however, they can live up to five years, and there have been a few instances of bettas living as long as seven years.

The care you give your betta after you’ve purchased it will determine it’s life expectancy. Sensitive husbandry, proper diet, and prompt medical care when necessary can all increase your betta’s life expectancy.

The water quality is the single most important factor in determining your betta’s health. Bettas need water that is room temperature or slightly above — usually about 73 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit.

When water is too cold, your fish is more susceptible to disease and may stop eating. Clean water free of chlorine will ensure that your betta is not susceptible to diseases and skin problems.

Betta Fish’s Health and size

The Betta fish have an average length of 2.25 inches (5.7 cm) when they are fully grown. On occasion and under the right conditions, a betta fish can grow to as big as 3 inches (7.6 cm) in length.

How large your betta will grow will ultimately depend on its age and how it has been cared for. The average life span for a betta fish is 2 to 4 years in captivity.

The adult male and female betta fish also differ in size if you take finnage into account.

Males possess larger fins than females, however, their bodies at adulthood are generally the same size (average length). A male’s fins simply make them larger and longer in overall appearance. Males also tend to have thicker bodies than females.

Frequently asked questions about the breed

​1. Can a Betta fish live in a vase?

No! betta fish can not live in a vase! If you are planning on keeping freshwater fish like betta fish, you need to budget for a betta fish tank. Amazon stocks some of the best betta fish tanks that are affordable and stylish.

The simple answer to this question is no, betta fish should not be kept in a vase even though these freshwater fishes live in shallow waterways when they are in their natural habitat and those waterways are very large. Hence Bettas require large environments than a vase can offer.

​2. How long will a Betta fish live?

3 to five years is how long Bettas will live for in captivity. However, this betta fish lifespan is all dependant on the level of care given to them.

3. What do Betta fish eat and how often should I feed it?

​Bettas are lovely acrobatic habitual eaters! Overfeeding can easily become a problem because they are always begging for food. You should feed a Betta twice a day. If you keep feeding, the Betta will, of course, keep eating! The ideal times to feed are once in the morning and once an early evening.

​4. Can a Betta fish live with other fish?

Yes, Bettas can live peacefully with other peaceful community fish, but there’s no guarantee because these are known as fighting fish. It’s their nature to be aggressive.

5. Do Betta fish need a heater?

​Betta Fish are tropical fish from Asia. Their natural environment is very warm so they will need temperatures between 78-82F degrees.

6. Do Betta fish need a filter?

Yes, you can use a filter but  If you choose not to use a filter keeping a Betta is a bigger commitment as you will need to do more water changes per week.

​7. Can Bettas live together?

 Yes, betta fish can live together as long as you pair them well inside a betta fish tank that can accommodate one male to three or four females as male Bettas cannot live with each other.

Luckily, these betta fish tanks available here on Amazon are demarketed so each betta fish is kept in separate tanks where they can see each other through the glass divider without tearing into each other.

Caution must also be taken to make sure they are not obsessing at each other as this also trigger anxiety if they are in proximity to each other for prolonged periods they easily become very stressed.

As for male bettas, if they are kept together, they will fight to their death, hence the name Siamese Fighting Fish.

8. How often should I clean the tank?

​This depends on the size of the tank and whether you have a filter or not. Tanks under 2.5 gallons with no filter should be cleaned at least three to four times a week, removing 80-100% of the water.

Fun facts

1. Betta Refers to 70 Fish Species

The term betta refers to dozens of different fish species.

2. Bettas are Territorial and Aggressive

They’re called Siamese fighting fish for a reason… bettas, especially the males, are territorial and will attack other male bettas.

3. Bettas are both omnivores and carnivores

4. Bettas Have Different Tail Shapes — Bettas have a wide variety of shapes and colors. The tale shapes alone include a comb, crown, delta, double feather, Halfmoon, half sun, plakat ( the biting fish in Thai lingo), rose, round, spade, veil, and more.

Betta Splendens

The betta splendens are a wild type of Bettas commonly known for their dull Brown and Green Color. They are widely bred in captivity with a ranging variety of beautiful hybrid colors which is also as a result of genetic mutation

Siamese Algae Eater

Siamese algae eaters are freshwater fish from the carp family which are also known for cohabitation in peace with other betta fish type.


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